Political Freedom

Download Arming Without Aiming: India's Military Modernization by Stephen P. Cohen, Sunil Dasgupta PDF

By Stephen P. Cohen, Sunil Dasgupta

India's transforming into affluence has led specialists to foretell an enormous rearmament attempt. The second-most populous kingdom on the earth is commencing to wield the industrial strength anticipated of this sort of behemoth. Its border with Pakistan is a tinderbox, the subcontinent continues to be at risk of non secular extremism, and an army competition among India and China may perhaps erupt sooner or later. India has lengthy had the incentive for modernizing its military—it now has the assets to boot. What may still we predict to determine sooner or later, and what's going to be the most probably ramifications? In Arming with no Aiming, Stephen Cohen and Sunil Dasgupta solution these the most important questions.

India's military wish new guns worthy greater than $100 billion. yet each one of these guns needs to come from overseas providers as a result of the disasters of India's indigenous study and improvement. guns providers from different countries are queuing up in New Delhi. an extended courting among India and Russian brands is going again to the chilly struggle. extra lately, India and Israel have built robust army exchange ties. Now, a brand new army courting with the USA has generated the best desire for army transformation in India.

Against this backdrop of recent affluence and newfound entry to international army know-how, Cohen and Dasgupta examine India's army modernization to discover haphazard army swap that lacks political course, suffers from balkanization of army association and doctrine, is still restricted by means of slim potential making plans, and is pushed by way of the pursuit of know-how unfastened from military-strategic goals. the nature of army switch in India, specifically the disorder within the political-military institution in regards to procurement, is eventually the results of a ancient doctrine of strategic restraint in position when you consider that Nehru. In that context, its method of arming with no strategic function continues to be possible as India seeks great-power lodging of its upward push and doesn't are looking to glance threatening. the risk lies in its modernization efforts precipitating a interval of strategic statement or contributing to misperception of India's intentions by way of Pakistan and China, its so much fast rivals.

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Download Pamphlets and Papers, 1809-1811 (Vol 3) by David Ricardo PDF

By David Ricardo

This quantity specializes in Ricardo's shorter essays published within the Morning Chronicle, which deal completely along with his options at the inflationary financial coverage of the financial institution of britain and Britain's consequent Bullion Crises. In those essays, the genesis of Ricardo's concept of "hard funds" emerges as a device to hedge opposed to inflation utilizing metal forex. The Bullion Committee, created by means of the home of Commons in 1819, for this reason followed his innovations. His writings the following gave upward push to the forex university of demanding funds. the full sequence contains: quantity 1: at the rules of Political economic system and Taxation quantity 2: Notes on Malthus’s ideas of Political financial system quantity three: Pamphlets and Papers 1809-1811 quantity four: Pamphlets and Papers 1815-1823 quantity five: Speeches and proof quantity 6: Letters 1810-1815 quantity 7: Letters 1816-1818 quantity eight: Letters 1819-1821 quantity nine: Letters 1821-1823 quantity 10: Biographical Miscellany quantity eleven: common Index

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Download Republican Democracy: Liberty, Law and Politics by Andreas Niederberger, Philipp Schink PDF

By Andreas Niederberger, Philipp Schink

Significantly assesses conceptions of democracy in numerous republican traditions

This quantity at once engages with the connection and alterations among the main strands in modern republican political thought. It brings jointly best overseas students representing crucial positions in republican political thought this present day: neorepublicanism, Kantian republicanism, and populist in addition to realist republicanism - the 1st time that those positions actively have interaction with one another. It expands upon the foundational precept of republicanism - 'freedom as non-domination' - to articulate new theoretical insights into connections among liberty, legislation and democratic politics, and a appreciably new conceptualisation of the which means and constitution of democratic associations and tactics.

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Download Velvet Jihad: Muslim Women's Quiet Resistance to Islamic by Faegheh Shirazi PDF

By Faegheh Shirazi

There are various conflicts resulting within the center East, yet no longer all are being fought with rockets and rifles. whereas the web has confirmed worthwhile to those that desire to uphold a patriarchal society and unfold the message of Islamic fundamentalism, Muslim girls have used the net to construct a transnational group reason on transforming into women's rights within the heart East. there's a huge disparity among a Muslim woman's position in accordance with the Qur'an and her function as a few corners of Muslim society have interpreted it. In "Velvet Jihad" Faegheh Shirazi finds the artistic suggestions Muslim ladies have followed to quietly struggle opposed to those that may restrict their transforming into rights. Shirazi examines concerns which are very important to all ladies, from regimen issues reminiscent of day-by-day hygiene and garments to arguable topics like abortion, contraception, and virginity. As a lady with linguistic services and vast lifestyles event in either Western and center jap cultures, she is uniquely located as an aim observer and reporter of alterations and demanding situations dealing with Muslim ladies globally.

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Download The Flight of the Intellectuals by Paul Berman PDF

By Paul Berman

20 years in the past, Ayatollah Khomeini referred to as for the assassination of Salman Rushdie—and writers worldwide instinctively rallied to Rushdie’s safety. this day, in line with author Paul Berman, “Rushdie has metastasized into a whole social class”—an ever-growing staff of sharp-tongued critics of Islamist extremism, specially critics from Muslim backgrounds, who live on in simple terms due to pseudonyms and police defense. And but, rather than being applauded, the Rushdies of at the present time (people like Ayan Hirsi Ali and Ibn Warraq) frequently locate themselves disregarded as “strident” or as no higher than fundamentalist themselves, and contrasted unfavorably with representatives of the Islamist circulate who falsely declare to be “moderates.” How did this take place? within the FLIGHT OF THE INTELLECTUALS, Berman—“one of America’s prime public intellectuals” (Foreign Affairs)—conducts a searing exam into the highbrow surroundings of the instant and exhibits how many of the West’s most sensible thinkers and reporters have fumbled badly of their efforts to grapple with Islamist principles and violence. Berman’s research of the heritage and nature of the Islamist circulation contains a few marvelous revelations. In reading Hassan al-Banna, the founding father of the Muslim Brotherhood, he exhibits the increase of a massive and sometimes violent worldview, parts of which survives this day within the brigades of al-Qaeda and Hamas. Berman additionally reveals the stunning tale of al-Banna’s affiliate, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, who collaborated in my view with Adolf Hitler to incite Arab aid of the Nazis’ North African crusade. Echoes of the Grand Mufti’s Nazified Islam may be heard one of the fans of al-Banna even this day. In a gripping and fashionable narrative Berman additionally exhibits the legacy of those political traditions, most significantly by way of targeting a unmarried thinker, who occurs to be Hassan al-Banna’s grandson, Oxford professor Tariq Ramadan—a determine extensively celebrated within the West as a “moderate” regardless of his troubling ties to the Islamist move. having a look heavily into what Ramadan has truly written and stated, Berman contrasts the truth of Ramadan along with his photograph within the press. In doing so, THE FLIGHT OF THE INTELLECTUALS sheds gentle on a couple of sleek issues—on the vastly reinvigorated anti-Semitism of our personal time, on a newly stylish flip opposed to women’s rights, and at the problems we've in discussing terrorism—and provides a beautiful statement in regards to the sleek media’s unusual lack of ability to discover and examine essentially the most risky principles in modern society.

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Download Media and Democracy by James Curran PDF

By James Curran

Media and Democracy addresses key themes and topics with regards to democratic thought, media and expertise, comparative media stories, media and background, and the evolution of media study. For example:

  • How does television leisure give a contribution to the democratic lifetime of society?
  • Why are american citizens much less trained approximately politics and foreign affairs than Europeans?
  • How should still new communications expertise and globalisation switch our knowing of the democratic position of the media?
  • What does the increase of foreign ezines display in regards to the limits of the internet?
  • What is the way forward for journalism?
  • Does advertisements impact the media?
  • Is American media independence from executive a myth?
  • How have the media motivated the improvement of contemporary society?

Professor Curran’s reaction to those questions presents either a transparent creation to media study, written for college undergraduates learning in numerous international locations, and an leading edge research written via one of many field’s top scholars.

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Download Emerging Threats and Security Planning: How Should we Decide by Brian A. Jackson PDF

By Brian A. Jackson

Matters approximately how terrorists may perhaps assault sooner or later are crucial to the layout of safety efforts to guard either person goals and the country total. This paper explores an strategy for assessing novel or rising threats and prioritizing which benefit particular safety cognizance and which are addressed as a part of current safety efforts.

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Download The Drug War in Mexico: Confronting a Shared Threat by David A. Shirk PDF

By David A. Shirk

Mexico's deteriorating safety scenario has prompted a few U.S. analysts to view Mexico as a failed or failing kingdom. whereas those fears are exaggerated, the issues of common crime and violence, executive corruption, and insufficient entry to justice pose grave demanding situations for the Mexican kingdom. The Obama management has for this reason affirmed its dedication to help Mexico via persevered bilateral collaboration, investment for judicial and safeguard area reform, and development "resilient communities."David Shirk explores the capacities and boundaries of Mexico, examines the standards that experience undermined powerful country functionality, assesses the customers for U.S. help to bolster serious nation associations, and provides innovations for decreasing the possibility of nation failure. He argues that the U.S. might be useful Mexico deal with its urgent crime and corruption difficulties by way of going past conventional courses to bolster the country's judicial and protection region ability and support it construct improved political associations, a far better economic climate, and a thriving civil society.

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Download The Search for Security: A U.S. Grand Strategy for the by Max Manwaring, Edwin G. Corr, Robert H. Dorff PDF

By Max Manwaring, Edwin G. Corr, Robert H. Dorff

Some of the most universal criticisms of present U.S. defense coverage is that it lacks an overarching process, resulting in a bent to handle difficulties and crises separately and in isolation as they come up. This learn offers a huge description of the modern worldwide defense atmosphere and an exam of U.S. defense coverage because the finish of the chilly battle. conventional threats, reminiscent of these linked to significant theater struggle, now coexist with more moderen nontraditional threats. The authors hold sound approach needs to aid the power of a rustic to hedge and adapt to a hugely unstable protection panorama. That, in flip, is complete via an govt point organizational mechanism to authoritatively combine and execute a cogent nationwide coverage. realizing the most important techniques of method and approach formation is key with a purpose to position particular challenges--such as worldwide instability and kingdom failure--in a suitable strategic context. The individuals define the conceptual counsel for a proper technique to take care of the myriad political, monetary, informational, and deterrence threats and demanding situations generated in state-of-the-art volatile, chaotic, violent, and ambiguous worldwide defense atmosphere. Their conclusions are unequivocal. the USA needs to come to grips with the essentially remodeled nature of defense demanding situations and possibilities of the twenty first century. to take action calls for an important switch in how the rustic develops its safeguard method and the way the rustic is equipped to devise and enforce that process.

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